It is one of the three Maritime provinces and is the smallest in the nation in land area and in population. The island has several informal names: "Garden of the Gulf" referring to the pastoral scenery and lush agricultural lands throughout the province; and "Birthplace of Confederation", referring to the Charlottetown Conference in 1864, although PEI did no join the Confederation until 1873, when it became the seventh Canadian province. The backbone of the economy is farming, as it produces 25% of Canada's potatoes.
According to the 2011 census, the province of Prince Edward Island has 140,204 residents. It is located approximately 200km north of Halifax, Nova Scotia and 600km east of Quebec City. It consists of the main island plus 231 minor islands.Altogether, the entire province has a land area of 5,685.73km2. The main island is 5,620km2 in size,which is slightly larger than the U.S. state of Delaware, is the 104th-largest island in the world, and is Canada's 23rd-largest island.