Is one of Canada's three Maritime Provinces and is the most populous province of the four in Atlantic Canada. Located almost exactly halfway between the Equator and the North Pole, its provincial capital is Halifax. Nova Scotia is the second-smallest province in Canada,with an area of 55,284 square kilometers, including Cape Breton and some 3,800 coastal islands. As of 2011, the population was 921,727,making Nova Scotia the second-most-densely populated province in Canada.
The province's mainland is the Nova Scotia peninsula surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, including numerous bays and estuaries. Nowhere in Nova Scotia is more than 67km from the ocean.Cape Breton Island, a large island to the northeast of the Nova Scotia mainland, is also part of the province, as is Sable Island, a small island notorious for its ship wrecks, approximately 175km from the province's southern coast.