Is one of Canada's three Maritime provinces and is the only province in the federation that is constitutionally bilingual at the provincial level. Fredericton is the capital and Saint John is the most populous city. Greater Moncton (Moncton, Dieppe, Riverview) form the province's largest Census Metropolitan Area. Through the 2011 nationwide census, Statistics Canada estimates the provincial population in 2011 to have been 751,171; a majority of the population is English-speaking, but there is also a large Francophone minority (33%), chiefly of Acadian origin.
New Brunswick is bounded on the north by Quebec's Gaspé Peninsula and Chaleur Bay; along the east coast by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and Northumberland Strait; in the southeast corner the narrow Isthmus of Chignecto connects New Brunswick to the Nova Scotia peninsula; in the south by the Bay of Fundy coast, (which with a rise of 16m (52ft.), has amongst the highest tides in the world); and in the west by the US state of Maine.